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The Methodology of Psychology Essay

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According to Merriam-Webster, psychology is defined as “the science of mind and behavior”. This basic definition already implies that the study of psychology cannot be supported by just introspectionism, behaviorism, or neuroscience. In order for psychology to have a strong foundation, it should not depend solely on any one of these bases; instead it should merge these three pillars to make a comprehensive base. When any one of these concepts is used independently to form the basis of psychological inquiry, it is open to numerous faults or cannot comprehensively explain the actions of the mind, brain, and/or behavior. Psychology becomes a stronger discipline—a “hard” science—and has a stronger basis when there is an inclusive base consisting of these three theories.
1. Psychology is the study of the mind, behavior, and the brain,
2. In order to study the mental cogitations, one must first introspect the mind,
3. Mental cogitations are caused by stimulus inputs which produce behavioral outputs,
4. The period between stimulus exposure and behavioral output can be studied and described through neuroscience; Therefore,
5. Psychology is studied through a combination of instrospectionism, behaviorism, and neuroscience.
Introspectionism is the reflection of one’s own thoughts and feelings. As a foundation for psychology, it excels in the area of identifying how an individual feels, what their previous history is, their intrinsic motivations, and whether their emotions and feelings for certain things affect their future moods and perceptions. Introspection explains the mental state of an individual that is otherwise not known to the psychologist through studying only the individual’s behavior or merely observing their biochemical ...


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...th. There are no other options—a person either acts or they do not. Therefore, regardless of if a person is acting or genuinely experiencing a certain state, psychology will be able to map out all profiles of human introspection, behavior, and biochemical neuro-processes.
Another issue that exists against the merging of the three bases is that the public and private domains of self will become blurred and no longer distinct things. If psychology advances to a degree where thoughts, behavioral, and brain processes can be predicted and controlled, all matters that are currently considered to be private have become public. It is supposed that behavior is in the public domain while the mental is in the private domain. Psychologists cannot maintain that the public and private will remain two distinct features if psychology adopts such a broad-ranged methodology.



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