Essay on Media Power: Case Study of US Minimum Wage

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Since newspaper is a major channel for ideological promotion, various parties like politicians, target audience and advertisers are involved in deciding how to report a story (“Media bias”, 2014). In the United States, media bias can be classified into liberal, conservative and corporate (“Media bias in the United States”, 2014).
According to Fairclough (2001), language is a primary medium of power relations and ideologies, contributing to a certain group’s domination. By power relations, Fairclough means power difference between classes, genders, ethnic groups and social institutions (2001). In the academic field, media discourse has gained more attention in the past decades. Sociolinguists suggest that mass media exercise their hidden power by controlling readers’ access to knowledge and presenting subjective viewpoints (Fairclough, 2001; Van Dijk, 1993). One of them is Tuen A. van Dijk, who specializes in Critical Discourse Analysis and has written many books or articles on media discourse. In his work Power and the News Media, Van Dijk states that newspapers, which are controlled by power elites, selectively choose “facts” and persuade readers to hold a certain social or political standpoint (Van Dijk, 1997). Other linguists who have done research on the realm include Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe.
Carpentier and De Cleen note the great use of Critical Discourse Analysis for media discourse by bringing up Bell and Garrett’s statement that the approach is a standard framework in dealing with media texts (as cited in Carpentier and De Cleen, 2007). Also cited in their work is Wodak and Busch’s remark that media are public spaces involving power struggles (Carpentier and De Cleen, 2007).
Multimodal Discourse A...

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...ns deserve better than a ‘no.’ Let’s tell Congress to say ‘yes.’ Pass that bill. Give America a raise.”
In the Republican address, Rep. Tom Cotton told the story of a constituent named Elizabeth who saw her premiums rise by 85 percent, he said, as a result of Obamacare.
“She’s stopped shopping at locally owned businesses because she can’t afford their prices, so Obamacare is hurting her local community, too,” said Mr. Cotton, an Arkansas Republican who also is running to unseat his state’s Democratic Sen. Mark Pryor.
“For Elizabeth — and countless other Arkansans just like her — Obamacare is anything but an amazing success story. Her story shows us that this law and the president’s policies are fundamentally flawed … Republicans in Congress are committed to stopping the harms caused by the president’s policies, repairing the damage and getting America working again.”

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