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Management: Fayol vs Mintzberg Essay

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Critically discuss the extent to which Fayol's classical analysis of the management function has largely been made redundant by the more recent empirical studies of what managers actually do, such as that favoured by Mintzberg.

Introduction
Henri Fayol, at the age of 19, began working as engineer at a large mining company in France which eventually led to him becoming a director. Through the years that led on to this Fayol then developed his 14 principles of management which he considered to be the most important. According to Fayol, these principles indicate how managers should organise and interact with their peers. Fayol’s analysis is considered to be one of the earliest theories of management that has been created and therefore can be considered to be redundant. The many arguments considered in relation to Fayol have been considered throughout this essay as well as my own argument to gain an overall conclusion as to whether Fayol’s classical analysis of management has been made redundant.

Fayol’s perspective on management
Through personal experience, Fayol distinguished what he thought to be the prime functions of being a manager. It is said that he was the first to illustrate the need for the education of management (Brodie, 1967, in Fells, 2000) and in relation to management; Fayol’s perspective was what managers should do. Through categorising business activities into six activities, technical; commercial; financial; security; accounting and management; Fayol’s work focused on the latter category, management (Fells, 2000, pg.345).
Division of work, discipline, span of control, order and equity are just a few of the 14 principles of management that Fayol constructed from his analysis. He stressed that the nu...


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...vol. 6, no. 8, pg. 345-360
Gray, I. (ED) (1984), General and Industrial Management, IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ
Hales, C.P. (1986), “What do managers do? A critical review of the evidence”, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 23, no. 1, pg.88-115
Hales, C. (1993), Managing Through Organisation, Routledge, London
Lamond, D. (2004) A matter of style: reconciling Henri and Henry, Management Decision, vol. 42, no. 2, pg. 330-356
March, J. and Simon, H. (1993), Organisations, 2nd edition, Blackwell, Cambridge, MA.
Mintzberg, H. (1975) The Manager’s Job: Folklore and Fact, Harvard Business Review, vol. 53, no. 4, pg. 49-61
Perrow, C. (1973), “The short and glorious history of organisational theory”, Organisational Dynamics, vol. 2, no. 1, pg.2-15
Tsoukas, H. (1994), “What is management? An outline of a metatheory”, British Journal of Management, vol.5, pg.289-301



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