low carb diet and athlete performance Essay

:: 10 Works Cited
Length: 1824 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Low carbohydrate (carb) diets have been used as a weight loss treatment for many years. Recently low carbohydrate diets are being used with athletes as a performance enhancement method by changing training adaptations. This essay will examine the health risks and benefits of a low carb diet, as well as the effects of low carb diets on the endurance athlete in regards to their training and performance. There are many short term benefits of low carb diets. However there are also many long term risks that outweigh the benefits for the general population. Evidence shows that exercising on a low carb diet has positive adaptation to training for aerobic athletes. However there is not enough evidence on what the long term effect of this could be, and so the net health benefits for a low carb diet cannot be determined for athletes.
A low carb diet is associated with many short term health benefits. Most of the research for this has been done with overweight people as a way to lose weight or for people with diabetes as a treatment method. Low carb diets are good for you in the short term because they reduce cardiovascular risk indicators and do not have any effect on your kidneys.
One study found that low carb diets reduce markers of endothelial function. (Davis, et al., 2011) Endothelial function is associated with an increase in cardiovascular disease. (Davis, et al., 2011) Also low carb diets show a short term improvement in cardiovascular risk factors such as insulin resistance and HDL cholesterol. (Friedman, et al., 2012) These studies indicate that short term low carb diets are beneficial in reducing cardiovascular disease.
Another benefit is that low carb diets do not have any effect on the kidneys. It was found that being on a...

... middle of paper ...

...xercise carbohydrate availability on selection and perception of effort during prolonged cycling. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98(1), 62-70. doi: 10.1007/s00421-006-0243-4

Lagiou, P., Sandin, S., Lof, M., Trichopoulos, D., Adami, H. O., & Weiderpass, E. (2012). Low carbohydrate-high protein diet and incidence of cardiovascular diseases in swedish women: Prospective cohort study. Bmj, 344, e4026.
Philp, A., Burke, L. M., & Baar, K. (2011). Altering endogenous carbohydrate availability to support training adaptations doi: 10.1159/000329279
Russell, W. R., Gratz, S. W., Duncan, S. H., Holtrop, G., Ince, J., Scobbie, L., . . . Flint, H. J. (2011). High-protein, reduced-carbohydrate weight-loss diets promote metabolite profiles likely to be detrimental to colonic health. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93(5), 1062-1072. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.002188

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Choosing Between Low-Fat and Low-Carb Diets Essay - Kay’s compromise is setting her up for troubles. She is doing the acceptable thing by researching the issue however she has missed some finer points. While fats at 9 calories per gram do in fact yield more calories per gram than carbohydrates which are 4 calories per gram and as such do indeed have a greater potential for energy use she is misguided in her thinking and taking an approach where she drops her carbohydrates low and takes in high fat in her diet is perverting the facts. A diet of the energy-dense fats will not be better for her in this event....   [tags: Energy and Intake in Sprint Athletes]
:: 4 Works Cited
1559 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Running and Over Training - ... In a well monitored training program, the body would have adequate sleep. The bodies nutrition would consist of carbohydrates, calories, adequate sugar and protein as well as electrolytes, to replace those, lost in sweat. The workout routine would prioritize muscles on certain days (arm day, legs day, chest day, back day) . The risk of injury would be decreased due to adequate stretching, and swimming. swimming allows for natural resistance, and is essential in recovery. This is because Swimming has no ground impact, unlike running....   [tags: sport, body, athlete, program] 1440 words
(4.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Harm in Low Carb Diets Essay - ... In my opinion the Atkins diet is the most popular because of it results: Notice that the difference of time is about 3 weeks The Atkins diet is diet which cuts down carbohydrates and makes you focus on fats and proteins, etc.. The Atkins diet has multiple phases for weight loss, 4 the least. Low carb diet menu 
You basically eat proteins and fats, like: Chicken, meat, fish, shellfish, and eggs. You have to stay away from sweets, pasta, potatoes, and bread, they are full of carbs....   [tags: calories, nutrients, energy, muscles] 771 words
(2.2 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Low-Carb Diets Proven to be Effective Essay - ... A few of the types of low-carb diets are the South Beach Diet, and the Atkins Diet. WebMD, a medical site that provides valuable health information, reports, “There are three phases to the South Beach Diet, in phase 1 you are restricted to a lot of protein, some fats, and carbs with the lowest glycemic index, phase 2 slowly reintroduces healthy carbs into your diet, and phase 3 is all about maintaining your weight.” There are also three stages to the Atkins Diet, WebMD states, “the first stage has very specific rules, such as: no more than 20 grams of carbs per day; protein and fat from different meats, butter, and vegetable oils; no pasta, bread, grains, fruit, starchy vegetables, or da...   [tags: Weight-loss, Health] 943 words
(2.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Carbohydrate Loading to Enhance an Athlete's Performance Essay - ... Some side effects to this carbohydrate rich diet include upset stomach, diarrhea, and constipation (Clark, 2007). In 1971, Jan Karlsson experimented with the influence of a high carbohydrate on runner's speed and overall performance. Karlsson and a group of researchers took two groups of subjects. The initial group was assigned a carbohydrate rich meal while the second group ate a mixed meal. Both sets of participants were required to run a 30 km race after eating Then, three weeks later they reversed roles and group one ran the race after following a balanced diet while group two practiced, carbohydrate loading....   [tags: energy, muscle glycogen, competition] 863 words
(2.5 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Performance Enhancing Drugs' Affects on Athletes Essay - The topic for my stakeholder research paper is performance enhancing drugs. My research is the affects of performance enhancing drugs on athletes and how it affects society. The stakeholders for the research paper are the professional athlete, the college athlete, governing bodies and the fan. The effects of drug use on the professional athlete can cost them their career and also their lives. The college athlete wants to become the fastest or the biggest and nevertheless don’t view performance enhancing drugs as dangerous....   [tags: performance enhancing drugs, athletes, ] 487 words
(1.4 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay about Performance Enhancing Drugs Among Athletes - Since the dawn of the twenty-first century, performance enhancing drugs have become a religious practice in “the lives of some sport figures.” The use of these supplements have given athletes an edge to perform at maximum capability. Most major athletes all agree on the fact that the competitive drive is intensely fierce. Despite all, most athletes have high hopes of attaining prestigious awards, a full ride college scholarship or the once in a lifetime opportunity to play for a professional team....   [tags: Performance Enhancing Drugs, drugs, Athletes,]
:: 6 Works Cited
928 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Atkins Diet: Low-Carb Mania Essay - The Atkins Diet: Low-Carb Mania         Dr. Robert Atkins ignited the dieting world when he introduced the word “low carb mania,” which is now known as the Atkins diet. The diet claims that you can lose weight on a high fat, high protein diet. The program works on four main principles which are to limit the amount of consumption of simple carbohydrates, increase the intake of protein, to exercise on a daily basis, and to maintain proper food consumption. The new diet revolution has stirred up a controversial debate on whether the higher fat, lower carb diet is healthy in the long run for diet consumers....   [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays] 441 words
(1.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Deciphering Low-Carb Diet Jargon Essay - Deciphering Low-Carb Diet Jargon The medical world is a complicated one with constant changes in what is recommended for good health. Trying to keep up with current information is challenging enough, but deciphering the technical jargon can be the most confusing part. The low-carb diet craze exploded into the media with Atkins, The Zone, and the South Beach Diet. Accompanying these names are words such as glucose and fructose with many people know are different forms of sugar. But what do some of these other common words and phrases mean....   [tags: Nutritio] 434 words
(1.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
South Beach Diet: The Healthy Low Carb Alternative Essay - South Beach Diet: The Healthy Low Carb Alternative The South Beach Diet is a healthy alternative for promoting a healthy heart and lifestyle and for losing weight. Though often referred to as a low carbohydrate diet, South Beach does not endorse eating the unlimited fats and proteins that have become a signature criticism of the low carb diets. Instead, the diet was created with the intention of improving people’s cardiovascular health while also helping them to lose weight. The general concerns voiced about low carbohydrate diets do not apply to the South Beach Diet....   [tags: Health Nutrition Diet Exercise Essays] 880 words
(2.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]