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India's Ethical Dilemma in Regard to Population Control Essay

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With the emergence of the modern era, a new problem has arisen to challenge every person from each nation on the globe. One nation in particular has had much more difficulty with this issue than others. India is currently facing the dilemma of how to control its population in order to preserve order in its country. This has never been much of a problem throughout history, as nations usually went to war, suffered a famine or some other disaster occurred to fix any problem that it might face with population. This held true for India until after World War II, when the country’s population exploded. In this age of ethics and non-violence, this situation poses a particularly interesting dilemma for the people of India, and subsequently everyone else. The source of the turmoil stems from how someone can effectively and successfully implement population control over India’s population without infringing upon the ethical rights of the citizens.
India’s Population: History, Causes and Culture
The problem of overpopulation in India has been prevalent and pervasive since the nineteenth century when the British began to keep a census on record for the colonial holdings in South Asia. The reasons why Britain did this came from famines that kept striking India, and as an extension of the Empire, Britain felt compelled to help the inhabitants of the colony. Moreover, studies were conducted by British officials on the census data and, according to Sarah Hodges, came to a conclusion that “…colonial concern with famine and population was loosely based on a Malthusian model. In this scheme, population operated in a system of natural checks and balances (e.g. a high death rate during famine and a high, post-famine birth rate).” For tho...


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...4cbdb0e18979%40sessionmgr198&hid=104 (accessed March 14, 2014).
Paul Conway. "Deontological and Utilitarian Inclinations in Moral Decision Making: A Process Disassociation Approach." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 104 (2013): 216-234. http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/delivery?sid=26330585-59bc-4431-add5-1828c67daa46@sessionmgr4005&vid=9&hid=4102 (accessed March 15, 2014)
Sarah Hodges. "Governmentality, Population and Reproductive Family in Modern India." Economic and Political Weekly 39 (2004): 1157-1163. JSTOR.). http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.2307/4414767.pdf?acceptTC=true (accessed March 15, 2014
http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&sid=8c02ee6d-01a6-49a0-8ab1-4cbdb0e18979%40sessionmgr198&hid=104 (accessed March 14, 2014).
Thomas Malthus. First Essay on Population. London: MacMillan and Co., 1926: 14.



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