Essay on The Indian Paradigmatic Policy of the 1990s

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The paradigmatic policy shift which took place in the 1990’s, opened the gates of Indian economy to a new era of liberalization, globalization and privatization. The socio economic changes which resulted from the revolutionary shift in perspective brought with it a new age of language teaching/training in India. A shift from General English language training to a more specific, requirement based and contextualized English language training gained momentum, in tandem with the sweeping changes that took place in all spheres of Indian life. The trainer/teacher who was accustomed to the safe haven of imparting general English language training was confronted with the task of specialized language training to a group of students expected to pick up specific language skills applicable to a specific contexts due to the demand of circumstance. The conventional non targeted approach to language teaching was replaced with an objective oriented training catering to needs of an emerging market. Though this change was an opportunity for trainers/teachers from an academic and economic perspective, it came along with a new set of challenges.

The demand for English language boomed with the growing economy, moreover English had the status of power and hegemony in post colonial societies. Technological edge and proximity to modern academic circles gave a new dimension to the sway of language in the modern times. Graddol points out “English is closely associated with the leading edge of global scientific, technological, economic and cultural development” (1997:4). So it impossible to embrace the opportunities rolled out by the new age without having a practical knowledge of English language to communicate and grow in the new found pastures of fre...

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...ll as the learner to acquire ESP specific skills to be used in future career contexts.

Basturkmen, Helen. Ideas and Options in English for Specific Purposes. Mahwah: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates, 2006.
Dudley-Evans, T., & St. John, M. J. Developments in English for specific purposes:
A multi-disciplinary approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press,1998.
Graddol, David. The Future of English. London: The British Council, 1997
Hussin, V. An ESP Program for Students of Nursing. In T. Orr (Ed.), English for specific
purposes . Alexandria, VA: TESOL, 2002.
Hutchinson, T., and Waters, A. English for Specific Purposes: a Learning –centeredApproach,
Cambridge: CUP, 1987.

Lee Mckay, Sandra. Teaching English as an International Language. Oxford: Oxford University
Press, 2002.

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