Preview
Preview

Iliad and Oedipus Essay

:: 3 Works Cited
Length: 899 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Iliad and Oedipus
The role of women in society has been a matter of much debate and while the gender equal world of our time stresses upon equality for men and women, this was not the case in earlier ages. From Classical Antiquity to the early years of the 20th century, women were marginalized and treated as inferior to men, and their life was regulated by laws and norms and conventions stipulated by men. The works of Classical Greek philosophers and dramatists is testimony to the subjugation of women in those periods too, but it is also worth noting that women were integral to the action in Greek drama and thought, although they did not occupy as relevant a position in real society.
The role of women, as conceived by Homer and articulated in his epic poem Iliad, and the position of women as perceived by Sophocles in the play Oedipus Rex reveals that in spite of the inferior position ascribed to women, they held sway in several matters due to the influence which a women could exert on a man in her position as wife, mother and daughter. Women, as goddesses were also very powerful in that they could influence mortals, especially warriors to behave in a manner which they believed was right. Women, even as they were subservient to men, played an important even if marginal role in Greek literary texts, for they provided the much needed impetus for certain actions such as battle.
Like most ancient societies, Classical Greece too was patriarchal in nature and in spite of the great philosophical debaters and thinkers of the period; the position of women was subservient to men. But it is interesting to note that women exerted influence on all spheres of life because of the influence they could exert on the men, and the tales of Ancie...


... middle of paper ...


...een in the intervention of Thetis, on behalf of her son Achilles to ensure that no injustice is done to him.
The role of women, relative to Greek drama and epic poetry and the importance given to them can be understood most clearly as literary devices. The women in the play serve to take the action forward and by showing them as weak willed and subservient, men are automatically rendered the stronger gender. These women may be powerless, but they have an invisible control over men, in terms of being coveted by them and also as partners on whom men rely on for support and counsel.



Works Cited

Lawall, Sarah and Maynard Mack, eds. Norton Anthology of World Literature. New York: WW Norton and Co., 2002.
Homer. “Iliad.” Book I.” Trans. Robert Fagles. Lawall and Mack pgs.,120-136
Sophocles. “Oedipus the King.” Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. Lawall and Mack pgs.,617-658



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about Tragic Heroes of The Iliad and Oedipus Rex Analysis - Calvin Coolidge once said, “Heroism is not only in the man, but in the occasion” (brainyquote.com). Heroes are among one of the most popular literary figures of all time. A Greek philosopher, Aristotle, wrote his notion of classic from of heroism called tragic heroism in his work entitled Poetics. In Poetics, Aristotle explains that there are certain qualities that a tragic hero has that can qualify him or her as tragically heroic. Two Grecian literary legends, Achilles from Homer’s Iliad and Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, fit the description of an Aristotelian tragic hero....   [tags: Aristotelian tragic heroes]
:: 3 Works Cited
759 words
(2.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
A Comparison of Fate in Iliad and Oedipus Rex Essay - Fate in Iliad and Oedipus Rex In the stories The Iliad and Oedipus Rex, Oedipus and Achilles exemplified the portrayal of how a personal characters' fate may lay in their own hands. The egotistical mindset Oedipus held triggered one of the most tragic turns in his future, resembling Achilles. As for his excess pride, it resulted in the loss of his good friend Patroclus. Oedipus' boastful ways were the initiation of his disastrous downfall. A few years before Oedipus took reign of king, he was requested to step aside while a group of men passed....   [tags: comparison compare contrast essays] 407 words
(1.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Oedipus: Victim of Fate or He Deserves What He Got? Essay - Fate is the development of events beyond a person's control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power. It is a very common theme used in literature. We’ve seen examples from stories such as: Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet and Iliad. We’ve been reading Oedipus the King written by Sophocles. My main thesis that I would be talking about is if: Oedipus was actually a victim of fate, or did he deserve what he got. In my opinion, Oedipus does not deserve what he got and is a victim of fate. This is because all his actions were unintentional....   [tags: Oedipus, fate, ] 530 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Oedipus Tyranius and The Illiad Essay - Sophocles once said, “Fate has terrible power. You cannot escape it by wealth or war. No fort will keep it out, no ships outrun it.” When pondering life, one often stumbles upon the principles of fate and free will. Do we as humans really have full control of our life and our actions. Do we have a predestined time to die or is our last breath purely a result of the choices we make. Perhaps Sophocles is correct and there is an element of fate in the universe that ultimately determines what we say, what we do, who we meet, and what trials and tribulations come our way....   [tags: fate, free will, destruction] 664 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
How does Ignorance and Pride Play a Part in Man’s Destruction? Essay example - The choices we make define the destiny of our lives. Since the beginning of time, man has always been an imperfect being full of flaws. Man is faced with different situations that can end up bringing disgrace to himself and his family if the situations are not well handled. In the texts Book II of the Aeneid by Virgil, Antigone by Sophocles, Oedipus the king by Sophocles, and Book XXII from the Iliad by Homer; Creon, the Trojan people, Hector, Achilles, and Oedipus embody what can lead to a man’s downfall through their own choices....   [tags: iliad, antigone, sophocles, homer]
:: 5 Works Cited
1688 words
(4.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Summary of Oedipus Rex Essay - Summary of Oedipus Rex Summary for "Oedipus Rex" The storytelling method that is employed in most classical writing, i.e. the Iliad and the Odyssey as well as Greek tragedy, allows for the development of two stories. One is the story of the "now." The "now" is told through the actions and events of the play or story. The other story that is told is the "past." The "past" is composed of stories that are told by characters and gives needed background information about the main characters and events....   [tags: essays papers] 1159 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Admonitions of King Oedipus Essay example - The Admonitions of King Oedipus And straightway music and singing beguile the immortals. All the Muses together, voice answering heavenly voice, Hymn the undying gifts of the gods and the sufferings of men, Who, enduring so much at the hands of the gods everlasting, Live heedless and helpless, unable to find for themselves Either a cure for death or a bulwark against old age....   [tags: Greek history and mythology]
:: 5 Works Cited
1605 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Kings as Main Characters in Literature Essay - ... The true definition of leader is a man of distinguished valor, based on which it is widely reflected that an ideal protagonist in literature works must possess the traits such as goodness, humbleness, courteousness, and willingness to sacrifice for people. “A hero is someone who has given his or her life to something bigger than oneself” (Campbell), which is true for the king in Beowulf, a poem about leadership revealing the fascination of European civilization. Performing prodigies of strength and courage in pursuit of honor the figure of the king in this poem is endowed with the spirit of self-sacrifice and —and is hero who would rather die than yield....   [tags: Beowulf, Oedipus Rex] 769 words
(2.2 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Oedipus as King of Thebes: Antigone by Sophocles - The effect of pride is the centers piece of man’s perpetual role in his own destruction. This is illustrated by various characters’ such as Creon in Antigone by Sophocles, Oedipus in Oedipus the King by Sophocles and the Trojans in the Aeneid by Virgil. In the Antigone we see the consequence of one’s pride and desire for power take hold, when Creon decides to punish Antigone for disobeying the law off the land and proving Polynices with a burial. The disregard for any form of sympathy would eventually come to hunt Creon, in a reversal of fortune that would see him loose not only his power but his family as well....   [tags: trojans, greeks, pride]
:: 8 Works Cited
1367 words
(3.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Oedipus the King Essay - Enjoying "Oedipus the King", by Sophocles 2. Predestination Long before we "got civilized", ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about "predestination". If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this. 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed "psychics" simply don't come true....   [tags: essays research papers] 1299 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]