History of the World Wide Web

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History of the World Wide Web

Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web, this great discovery happened in 1989, about 20 years after the first internet connections were established. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/history_of_the_Internet#ARPANET)) Berners was a software engineer at CERN, (HTTP://PUBLIC.WEB.CERN.CH/PUBLIC/)
a large particle physics laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. Thousands of researchers traveled to CERN to participate in experiments for extended periods and then return to their home facilities to crunch data. All researchers used their own computers; it was a challenge for CERN to accommodate all the incompatible computers which had to all work with CERN’s main frame. Berners was responsible for helping everyone to work together. (World Wide Web Foundation) He thought it would be simpler if the computers could share their information directly but back then computers didn’t communicate with each other. In 1989 Berners submitted a proposal called “Information Management: A Proposal.” (Greenemeier)
When thinking about the incompatibility problem, Berners realized it would be great if they could share the data from their home labs and run experiments at CERN over a network from wherever they are located. The internet already existed, just a set of lines and protocol for sending information over those wires. Berners idea was to implement a plan so the CERN computers could talk on the internet. His idea would be applied that ran on the internet. Other internet apps did exist include: file transfer protocol, or FTP, and email.
Berners’ ” Information management; A proposal” changed the internet with specific set of technologies that would make the internet more accessible and useful to its everyday users. (Greenemeier) “Berners’ proposal was not accepted right away. It took nearly two years before he and other computer scientists completed the first successful communication between a web browser and server via the internet.” (Greenemeier) He then had to lobby others to create more Web browsers and servers. Berners created three fundamental innovations that remain the foundation of the web today. These fundamental innovations include: HTML, URI, and HTTP. (Greenemeier)

Tim Berners-Lee, CERN (circa 1991) inventor of the WWW.

The first web page was served by the end of 1990. In 1991 users of CERN joined the new web community. In 1993 CERN announced the royalty free use of the World Wide Web and this would be a technology everyone could use.

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Since then the web changed our world.“ It has arguably become the most powerful communication medium the world has ever known.” (World Wide Web Foundation) This phenomenal decision has changed how we buy and sell, get informed, share, communicate, and solve problems all over the world.
Tim Berners-Lee and many others founded the World Wide Web Consortium, to make sure the web works and evolves in a responsible manner. The Web Foundation is another organization founded to support the work of WC3 and to make sure the web and its’ technologies remain free and available to everyone. (www.w3.org/people/Berners-Lee))

Berners and his colleges also started a multi-disciplinary research community called Web Science Trust to better understand and develop solutions to guide the use of the web. Today there is an estimated 1.7 billion people using the web with over 1 trillion public pages. The web has a long way to go to reach its full potential. Most of the history of the web is yet to come.
The World Wide Web also called the Web is a system for accessing multimedia (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/web_page) information on the internet. This most dominant form of communication contains billions of documents called web pages, which can contain: video, graphics, animation, audio, text, links or built in connections to other documents or other web pages. (Cashman) These documents are stored on computers worldwide. A website is a set of files on a computer (usually called a server or host). Using a web browser allows users to view and access websites.
( Potomac KnowledgeWay)The web is considered the predominant form of communication on the internet except for email. The web is used more than another system out there, such as ftp, or gopher sites.
Web sites do not have to be connected to the Internet, organizations create their own internal web sites for education and communication with in their organization. The web is interactive, easy to move between sites and documents. Browsers are inexpensive, easy to use, and available for most computers. Simple web sites can be inexpensive and easy to create.
( Potomac KnowledgeWay)
What is a URL and its components.
Each web page has its own unique web address called a URL (uniform resource locator).” A URL is the fundamental network identification for any resource connected to the web (hypertext pages, images and sound files). URLs have the following format: Protocol:/ /hostname/other_information The protocol specifies how information from the link is transferred. The protocol used for web resources is Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
Other protocols compatible with most web browsers include HTTPS, FTP, telnet, newsgroups and Gopher. The protocol is followed by a colon, two slashes, and then the domain name. The domain name is the computer on which the resource is located. Links to particular files or subdirectories may be further specified after the domain name. Directory names are separated by single forward slashes.” (Knowledge Base)



Works Cited
Potomac KnowledgeWay. n.d. 15 November 2013.
Cashman, Shelly. Microsoft office 2010. Course Technology, 2011.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/history_of_the_Internet#ARPANET). n.d. 16 November 2012.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/web_page. n.d. 15 November 2013.
Greenemeier, Larry. "Remembering the Day the World Wide Web Was Born." Scientific American (2013).
HTTP://PUBLIC.WEB.CERN.CH/PUBLIC/. n.d. 16 NOVEMBER 2012.
Knowledge Base. n.d. 17 November 2013.
World Wide Web Foundation. n.d. 16 November 2013.
www.w3.org/people/Berners-Lee). n.d.




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