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Essay on The History of Phobias

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Phobias have been in existence for many years. Phobias date back to the works of Hippocrates, a prehistoric Greek physician (Korgeski, 2009). The works of Hippocrates are still debated today. In The Seventh Book of Epidemics, one of the publications by Hippocrates, he studied an individual and he interpreted a condition that the person portrayed. The results of the observation were that the individual was petrified of the sound of a flute, if he wasn’t intoxicated. He noticed the individual was fine during the day listening to the flute but during the night hours everything was different (Korgeski, 2009). From this observation and the work of Hippocrates helped contribute to the creation of term phobia. The word phobia was formulated from a Greek god. Phobus, the son of Ares, means panic and fear (Atsma, 2000). The term phobia was used to describe psychological problems and it was used discreetly in the 1800s.
Moreover, a phobia is considered a type of anxiety disorder; because anxiety is one of the crucial symptoms individuals endure (Phobias, 2007). According to britannica.com, the mental definition of a phobia is a fear of an explicit object or situation. Phobias are common amongst people in the United States. There are approximately 6.3 million Americans that have been pronounced to have a phobia (Fear/Phobia Statistics, 2012). A phobia could be a learnt emotional reaction that transpires when the innovative thought of something that has happened to the individual or object is subjugated by a similar incident. For example, as a young child the person had a bad experience while speaking in front of a big audience.
Specific Phobia
Subsequently, there are many different subtitles that fall under phobia: specific phobia, soc...


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...ias. The Complete Idiots Guide to Phobias.
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Mayo Clinic staff. (2011). Phobias. Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayclinic.com.
Mental Health, N. (2006). Facts About Phobias. Psych Central. http://psychcentral.com/lib/facts-
about-phobias/000658.

National Institute of Mental Disorders. http://nimh.nih.gov.
Phobia. Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com
Social phobia. (2013). Definitions and Common Symptoms of Specific Phobia. Psychology
Matter.Asia. http://phychologymatters.asia.
Specific phobia. (2013). Definitions and Common Symptoms of Specific Phobia. Psychology
Matter.Asia. http://phychologymatters.asia.

Tyson, Katherine & Cruess, Dean. (2012). Differentiating High-functioning Autism and Social
Phobia. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 42:7. doi: 10.0007/s10803-011-1386-7.



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