Genetic Engineering: A Step Forward


Length: 498 words (1.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Excellent
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

Genetic engineering (GE) refers to the technique of modification or manipulation of genes (the biological material or chemical blue print that determines a living organism’s traits) from one organism to another thus giving bacteria, plants, and animals, new features. The technique of selecting the best seed or the best traits of plants has been around for centuries. Humans have learned to graft (fuse) and hybridize (cross breed) plants, creating dwarfs and other useful forms since at least 1000 B.C. (Pueppke 2001). There are two main arguments surrounding genetic engineering the first argument is, genetic modification of crops threatens to produce pesticide-resistant insect pests and herbicide-resistant weed, will victimize poor farmers, and is unlikely to feed the world. The second argument is, genetically modified crops hold the potential to feed the world during the twenty-first century while also protecting the environment. Norman E. Borlaug, a pioneer of the green revolution and the winner of the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize states, “Genetic modification of crops is… just another step in humankind’s deepening scientific journey. … We cannot turn back the clock on agriculture,” he adds, “and only use methods that were developed to feed a much smaller population.” (Rodney 2000). Through out time we will be required to adapt to genetically engineered crops as a necessity to nutritionally feed the growing population. The demand of rapidly growing world population has exerted increasing pressure on the earth’s resources (Cockburn 2001) and the environment (Nichols 2000, Dennis et al. 2008).
Growing genetically engineered foods can help eliminate the application of chemical pesticides, reducing the run-off of agriculture wastes that can poison valuable water sources and cause harm to the environment (Deal and Baird 2003). GE can also engineer plants with highly specific disease resistances (Cooper et al. 2004, Duveiller and Sharma 2008) and help fulfill nutritional goals by adding vitamins, protein and vaccines (Nichols 2000, Poitras 2000, Livermore 2002). An example of how GE can help fulfill nutritional goals by adding vitamins to a crop is rice. Rice is not a source of vitamins in particular vitamin A, and yet it is widely consumed around the world. Vitamin A deficiency is most common in young children and pregnant women and can lead to blindness, susceptibility to infectious diseases, and death (Lemaux 2008). According, to a team of scientist, led by Dr. Ingo Potrykus, professor of Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, has produced transformed rice (golden rice), which does indeed express beta-carotene, a vitamin A precursor (Livermore 2002).

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Genetic Engineering: A Step Forward." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Nov 2017
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=175095>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering Essay - Genetic Engineering is highly controversial since some people believe that genetic engineering is playing God. As this fact there is opposition to the progression of the field by people who do not see the value in genetic engineering, or they fear what genetic engineering may lead to for us as people. There is a history of discover that belongs to genetic engineering, which has led to numerous products that have emerged which have brought numerous applications to the society of the world. Though there are benefits to genetic engineering, there are also drawbacks to genetic engineering including ethical and legal issues that are dealt with in today’s society in order to try and regulate the...   [tags: Genetic Engineering]
:: 8 Works Cited
2049 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Genetic Engineering and the Media - Genetic engineering and its related fields have stimulated an extremely controversial scientific debate about cloning for the last decade.  With such a wide range of public opinions, it is hard to find any middle ground.  Some feel that improving the genes of future children will help mankind make a major evolutionary step forward.  Others agree that there could be dangerous unforeseen consequences in our genetic futures if we proceed with such endeavors.  A third group warns that the expense of genetic enhancement will further separate the wealthy from the poor and create a super race.  Popular magazines and the Internet are two of the major arenas in which this debate has been hotly cont...   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]
:: 21 Works Cited
1731 words
(4.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Genetic Engineering: Playing God Essay - Regenerating extinct species, engineering babies that are born without vital body organs, this is what the use of genetic engineering brings to the world. “In Greek myth, an chimera was a part lion, part goat, part dragon that lived in Lycia; in real life, it’s an animal customized with genes of different species. In reality, it could be a human-animal mixture that could result in horror for the scientific community. In myth the chimera was taken down by the warrior Bellerophon, the biotech version faces platoons of lawyers, bioethicists, and biologists” (Hager)....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays]
:: 8 Works Cited
1804 words
(5.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Striving for Genetic Perfection through Genetic Engineering Essay - Naturally we humans are imperfect, We can have poor eyesight, we can be overweight, have a disease that challenges our mobility, our lifespan and even our mental health; however, science has discovered a method of treatment that can stop all of these disorders before you are even born. Genetic Engineering is the scientific process of altering certain genes in living organisms such as plants, animals and humans to achieve a specific beneficial purpose. The pros of genetic engineering include, cures from many if not every incurable disease known today, modifying our food sources so they may grow more in abundance, and nurture an overall healthier generation of children....   [tags: theory of natural selection]
:: 15 Works Cited
1926 words
(5.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Genetic Engineering and the Pursuit of Perfection Essay - Research Paper Rough Draft In the year 2050, a young boy nervously rehearses what he’s going to say as he approaches the cheerleader he’s been too nervous to approach for the past month. But as he draws near, a jock pushes his books out of his hands. He’s teased, being the school wimp. They call him names like “undesirable”, “god-child”, and “in-valid”. Of course nobody cares for a less-than-perfect child whose genetic makeup was left to fate. With the introduction of genetic engineering into society, people like this young boy simply have no hope for competing against the likes of the genetically reimagined, “perfect” jock, people engineered to be unflawed....   [tags: Perfection, Body Image, Technology]
:: 10 Works Cited
1898 words
(5.4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Genetic Engineering in Donny and Ursula Save the World by Sharon Weil - ... Known segments of DNA extensively studied and selected by teams of top scientists with many years in the field for the greatest safety and benefit of the consumer. To reassure the safety of the product, companies that wish to release a GM seed are required to extensively test the safety of the product on numerous other organisms before being released to the public market. Not a single human death or illness has been substantiated from consuming GMOs. Peter J. Davies, Professor of Plant Physiology and International Professor of Plant Biology at Cornell University wrote that “After 16 years of consumption by billions of livestock, pets and humans, there have been no cases of allergy, cance...   [tags: crops, dna, history, selection] 656 words
(1.9 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Genetic Engineering Should Not be Banned Essay examples - Genetic Engineering Should Not be Banned Genetic engineering is a hotly-debated topic. On the one hand, giant corporations, ambitious scientists and powerful politicians are pushing forward with projects they claim will benefit mankind, and on the other, public opinion, environmentalists and consumers' associations are concerned that these projects are insufficiently safeguarded and pose irreversible risks to life on this planet. In this paper I will set out the main issues in the debate on genetic engineering....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Topics]
:: 7 Works Cited
1629 words
(4.7 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay The Uses and Concerns of Genetic Engineering in Society - The Uses and Concerns of Genetic Engineering in Society The idea of studying genetic engineering and revealing those results intrigues me thoroughly. Studying these coded proteins or genes brings about revolutionary advancements in the fields of medicine and bioengineering. The possibilities that genetic engineering make are endless. For example, genetic engineering can improve nutritious quality and enhance the flavor in foods. We can also look forward to new techniques in disease prevention and treatments, improve the quality of life....   [tags: Papers] 862 words
(2.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Genetic Engineering a Double Helix Essay - As we move on into the 21st century we can look back at all the wonderful achievements we have made in the field of medicine. While nearly all of those advancements have been good, we are sometimes left to wonder about the ethics behind it all. No one will say that helping another person with a disease is wrong; but, they might say that the technique you are using is wrong. There is a moral dilemma involved with issuing placebo’s to patients undergoing a study. While granted they sign up for the study and know that they might well get a placebo they do so in the hope that they get the real treatment....   [tags: Science Medical Essays]
:: 6 Works Cited
2935 words
(8.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Cloning Customized Human Beings - Cloning Customized Human Beings Advancement in genetic engineering has always been controversial. However, never before has it sparked more interest then with the advent of Dolly, which represents the possibility that human lives could change in more than conceivable ways, upsetting the whole dynamics of procreation. Dolly is an exact genetic duplicate of a 6-year old Finn Dorset ewe made by nuclear transfer technology (cloning). Although artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization has been around for some time, cloning differs in that only the cells of one species are needed....   [tags: Genetic Engineering Essays] 632 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]



Through agriculture and local trade, golden rice is expected to reach the target populations in developing countries, where vitamin A deficiency prevails, grains from Golden rice is expected to provide this important micronutrient sustainably (Al-Babili and Beyer 2005).
Not only can GE help nutritionally, it can also help small farmers economically especially in areas where it lacks financial stability as well as arable land. Studies have shown that using genetically engineered farming can increase crop productivity by as much as 25 percent (Deal and Baird 2003).


Return to 123HelpMe.com