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Essay on Gabriel Garcia Márquez’s Criticism of Latin American Culture

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Murder is a common theme for most novels. Chronicle of a Death Foretold is no exception. It is no secret that Santiago is going to be killed by the Vicario brothers, since the beginning of the novel embodies one of a headline. The reason why they killed Santiago is because of virginity. In the novel, Santiago allegedly takes Angela Vicario’s virginity. A cult of sorts has formed around the idea of men have to be “muy macho” and girls must remain pure and celibate until marriage, called machismo (Berroa). Both Berroa and Garcia Márquez go and explain that the cult obsession with virginity in Latin America. Berroa states in her article that it causes overpopulation, poverty, and is “one of the region’s major problems.” Garcia Márquez reveals his opinion in Chronicle of a Death Foretold as it is never stated in the novel if Santiago took Angela’s virginity or if she lies to save herself. Garcia Márquez has a modern writing style as “he drew literary lessons from his modernist precursors, and he openly acknowledges the impact on his work” (Delden 957). In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Gabriel Garcia Márquez correlates aspects of modernism, such as journalistic fiction, underdeveloped characters, and a fragmented writing style, to reveal ambiguity of Angela’s virginity to criticize Latin American culture.
By using journalistic fiction, the realistic aspect of the journalism with crossover of the fiction creates a sense of mystery around the events in the novella. When reading a news article, journalists update constantly on the latest news. Garcia Márquez used to be a journalist and incorporated journalism into his novels “because he saw himself as journalistic” (Rosenberg). The novel is based around the 1951 murders that occurred in...


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... (2003): 41+. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 21 April 2014.
Mendoza, Plinio A. Interview with Gabria Garcia Márquez. The Fragrance of Guava: Conversations with Gabriel García Márquez. London: Faber & Faber, 1988. Print.
Rosenburg, Alyssa. “What Gabriel García Márquez taught us about literature, journalism and history” The Washington Post. 18 April 2014. Web. 21 April 2014.
Villereal, Gary L., and Alonzo Cavazos Jr. "Shifting Identity: Process And Change In Identity Of Aging Mexican-American Males." Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare 32.1 (2005): 33-41. Academic Search Premier. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.


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