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The Future of Affirmative Action Essay

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Throughout history, laws and rulings have been enacted to help eradicate discrimination based on religion, sex, age, and race. For example, the thirteenth amendment made slavery illegal. The Fourteenth amendment guarantees equal protection under the law despite race. The Fifteenth amendment made it illegal to deny a person the right to vote based on race. Moreover, one of the most important equal rights rulings comes from the case Brown v. Board of education, which makes segregation in schools illegal. However, to ensure that equal opportunity, even beyond that of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments and Brown v. Board of education, affirmative action was set in place. President John F. Kennedy first used affirmative action in a 1961 executive order, which requested equal opportunity and treatment in places of employment. President Lyndon Johnson later extended the executive order to include women (Skyes). The purpose of affirmative action is to make sure equal opportunity is given to minorities and women in jobs, and schools. However, affirmative action is controversial. Many organizations support affirmative action and feel it is necessary. Conversely, many organizations oppose affirmative action and feel it should be abolished. Those who support and oppose affirmative action use different strategies to support their opinions; however it is clear that , opposing side of affirmative action groups strategy seems to be more influential in legislature and policies due to their stronger strategy.
Reasons for supporting Affirmative action
Many of those who support affirmative action believe without affirmative action, schools and jobs would not be diverse and without affirmative action, diversity would not natur...


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...Web 13 Jul 2011.
Connerly, Ward. “ Connerly Verifies Fairness of Prop 107.” American Civil Rights Institued. 2007. Web. 13 Jul 2011.
Ellia, Paul. “ Affirmative Action ban upheld by the Supreme Court.” Huffington Post. 2 Oct 2010. Web. 12 Jul 2011.
Jeffery, Christina. “ Public Productivity and Management Review.” Point: Rethinking Affirmative Action. 20 (1997): 228-36. JSTOR. Web. 12 Jul 2011.
Lawrence, Charles. “Columbia Law Review.” Two views of the River: A Critique of the Liberal Defense of Affirmative Action 101( 2001): 928-74. JSTOR. Web. 13 Jul 2011.
Regents of University of California v. Bakke. No. 76-811. Supreme Ct. of the US. 28 June 1978.
Sykes, Marquita. “The Origins of Affirmative Action.” National Organization for Women. 1995.Web. 13 Jul 2011.
Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education. No 84- 1340. Supreme Ct. of the US. 19 May 1986



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