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Freedom of Speech and Expression

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On December 15, 1791, Congress adopted the freedom of speech as a constitutional right under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution as a law to protect all American citizens. The law clearly states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (www.law.cornell.edu). Although this law is in effect, there are exceptions to policy and many other categories that are excluded from the freedom, in which the government may enact within a reasonable amount of time, place or manner restrictions on speech. According to the famous speech written by Raphael Cohen-Almagor, it states that freedom of speech is a guiding rule, one of the foundations of democracy, but at the same time, freedom does not imply anarchy, and the right to exercise free expression does not include the right to do unjustified harm to others.

Freedom of expression is also known as an American form of human rights that is intertwined directly to the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution as well. This freedom was granted as the first written constitution of the democratic government for the United States. However, the freedom of expression was characterized by the United States Supreme Court as a fundamental right to grant liberty and to sustain to any principles within existence. There are many supporting elements associated with the freedom of expression. For example, the freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of association and the freedom of the press are all connected by United States...


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... should be obligated to follow these principles and ethical norms provided by law.



Works Cited

Beauchamp, T. L.(2003). A Defense of the Common Morality. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13(3), 259-274.

Beauchamp, T. L. "Affirmative Action." International Encyclopedia of Ethics (online). Ed. Hugh LaFollette. : Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

Dworkin, R., “Liberalism,” in Public and Private Morality, ed. S. Hampshire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978), 127.

Feinberg, J. “The Idea of a Free Man,” in Education and the Development of Reason, 161.

Rawls, J. “Construction and Objectivity”, Journal of Philosophy78 (September 1980), 554.

http://philosophyfaculty.ucsd.edu/faculty/rarneson/courses/SCANLONfreeexpression.pdf

http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/first_amendment

http://www.notable-quotes.com/f/freedom_of_speech_quotes.html#CYU4CklVvUSS3IRQ.99



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