Preview
Preview

Essay about Fracking: Extracting Natural Gas

:: 7 Works Cited
Length: 1110 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Purple      
Open Document




- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Introduction:
Environmental and socioeconomic debate over an alternative method of extracting natural gas thousands of feet below the surface using horizontal drilling and hydraulic “fracking” has risen in last twenty years. Fracking is the technique of drilling deep wells under high pressure with sand, water and a variety of chemicals to crack open rocks to release natural gas (hydrogen carbons) and oil from shale or coal bed methane deposits. Townships in Colorado like Lafayette and Fort Collins, voted on a moratorium to ban fracking within city limits. Environmental organizations like the Clean Water Action and Sierra Club claim that that fracking causes environmental degradation, health issues and impacts negatively on communities and their infrastructure. Whereas organizations like the Colorado Oil and Gas Association (COGA), Halliburton and other oil and gas industry and construction groups, and some local, state and federal politicians, claim that fracking is a safe method of onshore drilling. By burning natural gas which is considered a clean fuel reduces the amount of greenhouse gases that coal does as well as lower carbon energy use in the future. Fracking decrease dependence on foreign oil and gas, improves ability to generate electricity and heat home cheaply. Fracking supports local economies and provides much needed jobs (energyfromshale.org).


Name natural resources and ecosystem services affected by fracking
Natural resources potentially impacted by fracking could alter the aesthetic appeal of rural and natural areas with pipelines and infrastructure.


3. History section that answers the following questions:
Halliburton Oil and Gas Company first introduced hydraulic fracturing in 1949 to extract natu...


... middle of paper ...


..., Gas Association Sues Fort Collins over Fracking Moratorium." The Coloradoan. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.
http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20131203/NEWS01/312030027/State-oil-gas-association-sues-Fort-Collins-over-fracking-moratorium

"Colorado." Energy From Shale. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.
http://www.energyfromshale.org/hydraulic-fracturing/colorado-natural-gas

http://www.pennenvironment.org/sites/environment/files/reports/The%20Costs%20of%20Fracking%20vPA_0.pdf

"Colorado Oil & Gas Association Takes Legal Action against Fort Collins, Lafayette Fracking Bans." 9news.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.
http://www.9news.com/news/article/366962/339/COGA-takes-legal-action-against-CO-fracking-bans

"Colorado Energy News." Colorado Energy News RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014.
http://coloradoenergynews.com/2013/03/fracking-ban-approved-fort-collins-city-council



Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay on Fracking: A Controversial Method for Extracting Natural Gas - One of the fuels commonly used today is natural gas. Natural gas can be harvested through hydro-fracturing or fracking shale, a type of sedimentary rock. The natural gas is harvested by drilling wells deep into the shale and releasing the natural gas trapped inside. Natural gas has become increasingly important recently and as a result there has been an increased focus on attaining the natural gas through fracking. However, there has been an increasing amount of backlash about the effects that fracking has on water supplies, livestock (including animals used for food) public concerns and safety....   [tags: environmental consequences]
:: 11 Works Cited
3005 words
(8.6 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
Extracting Gas and Oil: Fracking Essay - ... Particularly, Spain has joined them in this dangerous action, allowing more and more exploitations be done each year. It seems that the profitability of fracking has more supporters with time. Above all, politicians from the right such as PP, CiU or UPyD, have favoured it, while the leftist parties like PSOE or “Izquierda Plural” are against it. It is criticized that even in the most dangerous and problematic circumstances it is allowed to put in practice this method. This leads us to one question: Do politicians from the right care more about money than about the dangers of hydraulic extraction....   [tags: environment, chemicals, harmful] 838 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Fracking Is Ethical Essay - Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling and pumping large amounts of water beneath the Earth to open up natural gas deposits (Banerjee). Countries with large natural gas deposits, such as France and Bulgaria, have already banned the practice of hydraulic fracturing. Though fracking may seem like a new concept, it is not; about one million wells have been fracked since the mid-1900s in America (Brantley). Fracking has only become so controversial recently because the most current proposals have been in more residential areas....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, natural gas extraction]
:: 7 Works Cited
539 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Shale Gas Good for America Essay - Introduction Shale gas is a natural gas that is found deep in the earth’s crust. This type of natural gas usually forms in shale deposits and can be released with a drilling technique known as fracking. Shale gas has become the most important source of natural gas in the United States. Scientist and researchers have always known of shale gas, but none have had the technologies to reach it till now. In early 2000, shale gas compensated for one percent of the United States supply of natural gas resources, but by 2010, shale gas accounted for over twenty percent of the United States supply of natural gas....   [tags: fracking, fossil fuels]
:: 4 Works Cited
953 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Effects of Fracking on the Environment Essay - ... As pointed out previously, contaminated water toward the end of the hydraulic fracturing process is introduced back into the ground. Unfortunately, this can have a profound effect with conventional production for the petroleum sector within the nation’s critical infrastructures. Common sense seems to dictate if water is contaminated from hydraulic fracturing processes it would have an effect on conventional oil refining processes, particularly if its placed back in the ground for reuse during refining....   [tags: obtaining natural gas procedures] 925 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Resolved that Fracking for Natural Gas from Shale Formations Will Be Banned in the US - Definition of Terms According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Fracking, or Hydraulic Fracturing is a method used to extract underground resources including oil, natural gas, and geothermal energy by injecting high pressure fluid into a geologic formation containing oil or natural gas deposits. The high pressure fluid opens up existing fractures and creates new fracture systems that allow the resources that were once trapped to move more freely into a production well for further extraction....   [tags: environmental issues and policies]
:: 15 Works Cited
1888 words
(5.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Fracking and its Effect on the Environment - Oil and natural gas companies have developed a way to drill for natural gas, a process called hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking. Natural gas is a flammable gas mixture consisting of methane and several other hydrocarbons that occur naturally underground. Natural gas is used as fuel for heating, cooking, and even in some automobiles like the “RideOn” buses. This technique has only recently become economically feasible with the rising prices of fossil fuels, and there is much potential for recovering natural gas through fracking....   [tags: hydraulic fracturing, argumentative]
:: 4 Works Cited
1451 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Cement and Hydraulic Fracking Essay - Within the past year the growing topic of discussion in Southern Illinois has been hydraulic fracking. Simply put, hydraulic fracking is “a process in which fractured rocks below the earth’s surface are opened and widened by injecting chemicals and liquids at high pressure: used especially to extract natural gas or oil.” (“hydraulic fracking”, dictionary.com) Hydraulic fracking, as with any other topic, has both positives and negatives. Although this is hardly new, it is continuously growing and so is the controversy surrounding it....   [tags: natural gases, oil, hydrocarbons]
:: 6 Works Cited
859 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Benefits and Drawbacks of Hydraulic Fracking Essays - “The United States is home to what some estimate to be the largest known shale gas reserves in the world. According to the oil and gas industry, natural gas, which is often referred to as the “bridge fuel”, contributes to the country’s energy transition from coal to renewable energy sources like wind and solar” (Grace Communications Foundation, 2014) . In recent years, and in lieu of the depleting fossil fuels, natural gas use has soared but so has the controversy surrounding the environmental health, the public health, and the benefits of how the natural gas reserves are not only obtained but accessed....   [tags: environment, health, fuel]
:: 9 Works Cited
829 words
(2.4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about Risk Reward and Fracking - Risk Reward “Fracking provides a source of energy that is not only new but also relatively clean, cheap, without political strings” (www.economist.com, 2014, para. 3). In the article “The Petrostate of America” the debate about fracking, the energy boom throughout the world, and what decisions the U.S. government along with President Obama should make on deciding to lift the ban on exportation of crude oil and restrictions on getting permits to export natural gas are starting to heat up. There are many topics in the article that focus on key principle and indices of economics and based on the decision made by our leaders could possibly determine our fate in an economy that is trying to rebu...   [tags: Source of Energy, Energy Boom, United States]
:: 7 Works Cited
1317 words
(3.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]