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Essay on The Failure of Plan Colombia

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Background
Plan Colombia is a long-prevailing foreign aid package bestowed to the country of Colombia from the United States. This foreign aid package grants substantial financial assistance to Colombia, intending to fight the “War on Drugs” and to reduce the trafficking of narcoleptics, but there is a multitude of other factors and implications, both unintentional or indirect and intentional due to ulterior motives. To accomplish the goals of Plan Colombia, most of the aid has been provided in the form of armed forces. This situation is complicated because of the ongoing civil war between the government of Colombia and the left-wing Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People’s Army (FARC). Additionally making matters difficult has been the strong association of the Colombian military and some right wing paramilitary units. Such conflict in Colombia exacerbates its drug problem, but Plan Colombia allegedly seeks to tame.
From the perspective of the United States, the U.S. was a keen backer, especially since the policy reinforced both U.S. domestic and foreign policy initiatives: war on drugs and security. Yet, United States foreign policy towards Colombia continues to be a topic of fiery dispute both among specialists in foreign policy and in Congress. During the deliberation over supporting Plan Colombia as a United States foreign policy initiative, a large number of Democrats in Congress were anxious that the U.S. was getting too ensnared in a foreign civil war that was more and more affecting Colombia’s neighboring nations as well. Previous human rights violations by the Army of Colombia and paramilitaries were a source of trepidation for the United States. However, the U.S. ultimately supported the government of Colombi...


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...y.gov/wwwsbm28.shtml (Accessed 02/07/14).
Nagle, Luz Estellla. 2002. Plan Colombia: reality of the Colombian Crisis and implications for hemispheric security. Strategic Studies Institute.
“Plan Colombia: Plan for Peace, Prosperity, and the Strengthening of the State.” 1999. United States Institute for Peace. Washington, D.C. US Institute for Peace Website. http://www.usip.org/library/pa/colombia/adddoc/plan_colombia_101999.html (Accessed 02/07/14).
“Plan Colombia.” 1999. Copy from Colombian Embassy to the United States. Center for International Policy Website. http://www.ciponline.org/colombia/plancolombia.htm (Accessed 02/07/14).
Youngers, Coletta. 2001. “Collateral Damage: U.S. Drug Control Efforts in the Andes.” Paper presented for the meeting of “The Latin American Studies Association,” The Washington Office on Latin America, Washington D.C., September 6-8.



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