Educational Finance Essay

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“The most important producer of human capital in the United States is the public education system” (Brimley & Garfield, 2008, p. 1). In order for the public education system to produce human capital, it must be provided the necessary resources. How these resources are provided has changed over the years and will continue to change in the years to come. The following paragraphs will take a look at the future of educational financing by taking a look at various issues facing education today and exploring the impact that they will have 10 years from now.
The Future of Educational Finance
The Lemon Test
The Lemon Test was created by the Supreme Court as a means of judging whether certain legislature is connected inappropriately to religion. The test asked three specific questions to determine if a law was against the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. “Does the activity have a clearly secular purpose? Does the activity either advance or inhibit the free exercise of religion? Does the activity excessively entangle the public school system with religion?” (Cambre, 2009, p. 62).
While the Lemon Test certainly helps define a correlation between legislature and the first amendment, the problem that has continually arisen is the subjective nature of both the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause and the questions themselves. Throughout the recent past, many judges have been able to work around the Lemon Test when looking at religion in schools. One specific instance occurred in an Ohio court that ruled “parents had the right to choose the type of school their students attended and that the state of Ohio did not coerce parents into choosing religious schools” (Cambre, 2009, p. 62). There have been many other court ca...

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Locker, R. (2011, April 22). Tennessee bill. Commercial Appeal, American federation for
children; disadvantaged children win as U. S. House passes voucher bill. Career and
Technical. Locker, R. (2011, April 22). Tennesse bill. Comercial Appeal,
McLean, H. (2010, March 8). State Schools Chief O'Connell, Education Secretary Reiss, and
State Board of Education President Mitchell Release Preliminary List of Schools Identified as
5 Percent of Persistently Lowest Achieving and Call for Action to Improve Schools. Retrieved
Prasse, D. P. (2006). Legal Supports for Problem-Solving Systems. Remedial & Special
Education, 27(1), 7-15. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

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