Preview
Preview

Direct or Inquiry Instruction? Finding the Balance to Maximize Motivation and Learning

:: 17 Works Cited
Length: 2414 words (6.9 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Aqua      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The question of how students learn best has fueled a controversial debate within the field of educational psychology and instructional design. There is limited consensus as to which type of instructional technique best supports conceptual learning. Instructional techniques cover a wide spectrum of guidance that ranges from direct instruction, which often encompasses the use of lectures and worked examples, to pure discovery learning which includes little to no teacher guidance at its most extreme interpretation. Research on cognitive load theory and motivational strategies have both touted the benefits and criticized elements of both these instructional techniques (Hiebert, Carpenter, Fennema, Fuson, Human, & Murray, 1996; Kirschner, Sweller, & Clark, 2006; Kuhn, 2007; Sweller, 1988), creating a muddled path for researchers and educators to manage for themselves.
In following the scientific and practical contributions of Pasteur (cite?), both field researchers and classroom educators would benefit from empirically supported and well-reasoned arguments on how instructional techniques can be used to maximize learning through motivation. The combination of both a psychological and educational understanding of how instruction influences learning would result in a less fragmented, more comprehensive focus for future research and current classroom application. Research comparing instructional methods often pits one technique against the other in hopes of determining a clear winner, however, such arguments do little to advance the field to a deeper understanding of how such techniques work separately to achieve similar goals. Often, contrasting perspectives of instruction have much to offer and the goal is to use the strengths of both ...


... middle of paper ...


...Psychology, 95(4), 667-686.
Pintrich, P. R., & Schunk, D. (2002). Motivation in education: Theory, research, and
applications. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Posner, G., Strike, K., Hewson, P., & Gertzog, W. (1982). Accommodation of a scientific
conception: Toward a theory of conceptual change. Science Educational, 66, 211-227.
Schmidt, H. G., Loyens, S. M. M., van Gog, T., & Pass, F. (2007). Problem-based learning is
compatible with human cognitive architecture: Commentary on Kirschner, Sweller, and Clark
(2006). Educational Psychologist, 42(2), 91-97.
Sweller, J. (1988). Cognitive load during problem solving: Effects on learning. Cognitive
Science, 12, 257-285.
Sternberg, R. J., Torff, B., & Grigerenko, E. L. (1998). Teaching triarchically improves school
achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90, 374-384.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
The Inquiry Model Essays - When giving our presentation on the Inquiry Model to the class, our objectives were to define what the inquiry model is, inform the class about the importance of inquiry, identify the outcomes of inquiry, explain how it differs from other approaches, and explain the benefits. We felt like going over these aspects would give the class a clearer and better understanding of the topic. Our opening statement was giving the class a clear-cut definition of what the Inquiry Model means. It contains many different things in the definition....   [tags: Inquiry-based Learning]
:: 4 Works Cited
1141 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Techniques in Place of Explicit Instruction - The Effectiveness of Inquiry-Based Techniques in Place of Explicit Instruction What happens when inquiry-based techniques are used in place of explicit instruction when teaching science. A Framework for K-12 Science Education (2012) states that “from its inception, one of the principal goals of science education has been to cultivate students’ scientific habits of mind, develop their capability to engage in scientific inquiry, and teach them to reason in a scientific context” (p. 41). Most states have many standards and units for each grade level that contain both science content areas and inquiry based skills....   [tags: education, teaching science]
:: 9 Works Cited
2290 words
(6.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Student Achievement Using Inquiry-based Instruction Essay - There is a great deal of contradicting literature pertaining to what approach to use in a science classroom: inquiry-based or direct instruction. Inquiry-based instruction and direct instruction both have their advantages and disadvantages at every age and every intellectual level. This chapter will review the literature of scholars who have researched and provided evidence that either inquiry-based or direct instruction is more effective in developing conceptual comprehension in science classes....   [tags: traditional students, science classroom]
:: 13 Works Cited
1563 words
(4.5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Using an Integrated, Spiral-Based, Inquiry Approach in Mathematics and Science Methods Instruction - The methods mathematics teachers use to teach their students have the potential to vastly influence how their students understand the discipline (Kelly, 2001). With the advent of reform curriculum, there has been a push for teachers to abandon lecture dominated instructional practices and to adopt more student-centered practices. In Creating Advocates: Building Preservice Teachers’ Confidence Using an Integrated, Spiral-Based, Inquiry Approach in Mathematics and Science Methods Instruction, Catherine Kelly explores the influence of the beliefs and attitudes of pre-service teachers about integrated, spiral-based, inquiry instruction in mathematics and science....   [tags: Education, Teaching]
:: 1 Works Cited
1037 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Science Inquiry Skills and Education Essay example - The stages of scientific enquiry have been developed and refined over time, to add consistency of approach and structure to systematic investigation. These processes; stimulus, curiosity, enquiry, initial investigation/observation, initial perception, initial hypothesis, experimentation, observation and recording, drawing conclusions, evaluation of initial hypothesis, formation of new hypothesis and re-experimentation, are perceived as a sequential flow of enquiry. However, in reality they are less well defined, due to sub-sequences and adaptations necessary to accommodate changing requirements....   [tags: science inquiry skills, education] 1494 words
(4.3 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Overview of Different Methods of Instruction Essay - ... The online video lectures should be relevant to the subject, allow the adult learner the option to consume the virtual lecture in the environment of their choice, with their own device, and be relevant to the subject. Over time, one learns how to incorporate a blended approach to learning objectives and integrate educational technology toolsets to provide the adult learning audience options so that everyone has an opportunity to learn. Field Trips Field trips as an instructional method are more memorable if the adult learner had the opportunity to experience field trips in their learning journey....   [tags: Teaching, Instruction]
:: 12 Works Cited
2042 words
(5.8 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Importance of Modeling and Differentiated Instruction Essay examples - With current trends in the field of education, and the increased emphasis of standardized testing data, classrooms of today have become increasingly outcome driven. Although few would argue with the importance of improving classroom instruction and the logic associated with basing instruction on desired student outcomes, this one size fits all approach is not without its detractors. Today many elementary teachers feel pressured to move forward with content instruction even when they may personally feel that there are students in their classrooms who have not sufficiently mastered the skill....   [tags: education, classroom instruction, ]
:: 3 Works Cited
1259 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Ralph W. Tyler's Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction - In 1949, a small book had a big impact on education. In just over one hundred pages, Ralph W. Tyler presented the concept that curriculum should be dynamic, a program under constant evaluation and revision. Curriculum had always been thought of as a static, set program, and in an era preoccupied with student testing, he offered the innovative idea that teachers and administrators should spend as much time evaluating their plans as they do assessing their students. Since then, Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction has been a standard reference for anyone working with curriculum development....   [tags: Curriculum and Instruction] 552 words
(1.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on The Work and Life Balance - Introduction Since the end of hunting and fruit gathering as the only source of survival and emergence of animal rearing and agriculture work started to emerge as separate from life. It emerged as a activity in which people engaged themselves so that they can earn enough food and meat to eat and share with family, friends and the tribes men. It was a point of separation of livelihood from job. A man was working till the end of the day to spend his after work hours at leisure. It was a great source of development by providing luxury of time, security of food and physical safety which allowed men to indulge in higher order desires and a host of self actualization needs came out....   [tags: work and life balance]
:: 13 Works Cited
1949 words
(5.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Balances Of Values And Academiic Freedom Of Inquiry Essay - Balances of Values and Academiic Freedom of Inquiry Dear Mr. R. Kirby Godsey, In the process of life we face many challenges and many crossroads. We have many choices and many decisions to make. In making these decisions we must keep in mind the moral values our parents have taught us since we were born. Those Christian values should guide our lives and the choices we make. These same values should also guide at school as well. In our pursuit of knowledge, we should keep these values in mind....   [tags: essays research papers] 603 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]