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Darwin's Theory of Evolution Essay

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James Hutton was born June 3rd, 1726, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a Scottish farmer and a naturalist, later in life he was known as the father of modern geology. (“James Hutton”, 2010)
Hutton thought that sedimentation takes place so slowly that the oldest of rocks are made of, in his words, “materials furnished from the ruins of former continents.” The opposite happens when rock is eroded or decayed from weather or conditions of the area. He called this destruction and renewal the “great geological cycle,” and then realized that it had been happening for many years. Another one of Hutton’s theories was the Theory of Uniformitarianism. That was the idea that geological forces still at works today, were not that noticeable to people but they have a great affect on us, meaning that those forces still work the same as they did in the past. He died March 26th, 1797 in Edinburgh. (Mathez, 2000)
Charles Lyell was born on November 14, 1797 at Forfarshire, Scotland. He was a Scottish lawyer, a geologist as well as a supporter of Uniformitarianism. He was the author of Principles of Geology. His theory was that earth must be very old and that throughout time the planet has undergone processes that change the shape the land. That includes erosion, earthquakes, glacial movements, volcanoes, and the decomposition of dead plants and animals. (Port, 2006)
Thomas Robert Malthus was born on February 13th, 1766, at Dorking, a town south of London. His theory about population was that population growth usually exceeds the amount of food produced for that particular area, so we should try to limit the growth of our population. In his book An Essay on the Principle of Population, As it Effects the Future Improvement of Society, he ...


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Asiado, T. (2009, July 1). Charles Lyell and principles of geology. Retrieved from http://great-scientists.suite101.com/article.cfm/charles_lyell_and_principles_of_geology

Port, T. (2006, December 6). Pre-Darwinian evolutionary theory. Retrieved from http://classicgenetics.suite101.com/article.cfm/predarwinian_evolutionary_theory

Rosenberg, M. (2009, September 09). Thomas Malthus- Thomas Malthus on population. Retrieved from http://geography.about.com/od/populationgeography/a/malthus

Darwin's theory of evolution. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.darwins-theory-of-evolution.com/
Sir Charles Lyell. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.allaboutscience.org/sir-charles- lyell-faq.htm

Thomas Malthus. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/malthus.html



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