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Essay about Comparing Mary Shelley's Frankenstein to John Milton's Paradise Lost

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In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein and his creation are both symbolically comparable to that of God, Adam and Satan as characterized in John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost. In Frankenstein, Victor is the one who wants to be the first man to be able to give life. Even though Victor is successful in his creation, just as God is in Paradise Lost, he is a self-absorbed man who takes it upon himself to discover the truths of morality and to obtain more knowledge. Victor’s creation, the monster, is symbolic to both Adam and to Satan in Milton's epic poem. The monster created by Victor was created in the image of man and he was not created to be evil to have the intention of harming others. However, the monster is eventually overwhelmed by his emotions and he is driven to commit violent acts. Victor’s monster is also symbolic of Satan. In the beginning, Satan was created by God to be just and serve faithfully; however Satan too fell out of God’s favor. Both the creature and Satan are rejected, not only from their creators, but also from other people and both are given no chance of redemption. Both the character’s of Victor Frankenstein and his creation are symbolic to the characters of God, Satan, and Adam in Paradise Lost.
In Mary Shelly’s novel, Victor Frankenstein has a few unique traits that allow him to be comparable with the God’s figure in Milton’s Paradise Lost. The main connection between Victor and God is that both beings wanted to create a “first” man. God was the creator of Adam and later, Eve, just as Victor was the maker of his man, or monster. The two characters also reject the product of their “experiments”. God banishes Adam from the Garden of Eden for disobeying him and eating the forbidden fruit from...


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...eness. By changing the setting, Shelley is able to parallel Milton’s Paradise Lost,” along with the comparability of God, Adam and Satan with that of Victor and his creature. Victor’s quest for knowledge and morality led him in to become a God-like figure that was able to grant the gift of life. The creature’s immense desire for recognition from his creator and other intelligent beings led it into exile as it was never able to obtain the recognition of his creator, similar to the downfall and expulsion of Satan from God’s paradise. The creature’s desire for companionship, rejection from his “father,” as well as being created in the image of his creator links the creature to Adam. Although there are differences between Shelley’s Frankenstein and Milton’s Paradise Lost, the symbolic connection between Victor and God and the creature with both Adam and Satan are clear.



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