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Essay on Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution Through Peacocks, Gobies, and Mice

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Have you ever heard of a British scientist named Charles Darwin? He is the one who developed the theory of evolution. He also had a little motto, “survival of the fittest”, which means that natural selection chooses those best adapted to their environment to live. Those who survive reproduce and have new babies with the gene to survive in the environment, unless something changes. With that mentioned, certain traits are more common in a population because the traits increase an individual’s probability of surviving and reproducing in its environment. Evidence includes male peacocks with their colorful tails, Hawaii climbing gobies, and rock pocket mice.
Charles Darwin wondered why male peacocks had such beautiful, flamboyant tails, if that made running and escaping predators harder. Darwin later figured out that male peacocks had such large and beautiful tails to help attract a mate, the peahens. The peahens choose mates with the most colorful and noticeable feathers. The father can pass down his beautiful tail genes to his children, which might one day have children and pass that do...


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