Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder that can continue through adolescence and adulthood. ADHD is characterized by difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, impulsive behaviors and hyperactivity. The symptoms of ADHD are grouped in three categories: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Symptoms of inattention present as being easily distracted, missing details, forgetfulness, frequently going from one activity to another, difficulty focusing, easily bored, difficulty completing a task or learning something new, often losing things, disobedient to authoritative figures, constant daydreaming, and difficulty processing information compared to other in the same age group. Symptoms of hyperactivity present as fidgeting and squirming when seated, constant talking, constant playing and touching objects, difficulty remaining quiet or still when appropriate ( example: story time) and difficulty participating in quiet tasks. Symptoms of impulsivity present as impatience, impulsive and inappropriate responses, very emotional, unmoved by discipline and consequences of actions and constant interrupting of others.

There are three subtypes of ADHD. The first subtype is predominantly hyperactive-impulsive. In this subtype, the child presents with most symptoms in the hyperactivity and impulsivity categories. There are few symptoms of inattention.
The second subtype is predominantly inattentive. The child presents with most symptoms of inattention and few symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Children with this subtype don't have difficulties cooperating with other children and do not act out, which is why this subtype of commonly overlooked. The th...

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...t changing medication. Parents should be aware of any unusual behavior or side effects in the child and report it to the doctor immediately, especially hallucinations, suspicious behavior and manic behavior.

Psychotherapy is also used for treatment of ADHD. The child and parents should be referred to a psychotherapist or behavioral therapist. Behavioral therapy is therapeutic to change a child's behavior. Behavioral therapy helps the child with organizing tasks, completing assignments, or coping with emotions; it also teaches a child how to monitor their own behavior and social skills such as being cooperative, sharing with other children and asking for assistance. Behavioral therapy teaches the child and parent or parents to give praise or rewards for acting in a well behaved way. Parents should express to the child that their behavior was good or inappropriate.

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