Preview
Preview

The Argument for and Against Gender Quotas Essay

:: 10 Works Cited
Length: 1530 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Discuss the arguments for and against gender quotas aimed at increasing the percentage of women in national parliaments. Consider the implications of your argument for different quota systems.
The debate regarding gender identities in politics is today a protruding aspect in our society. Both the domestic and international gender roles and norms are central in the developments in the field of political science and International Relations. The inclusion of women into formal politics through quota systems is one of the key issues in focus for both the current societal debate as well as much of the academic work in the field. This essay will focus on the arguments supporting and opposing both constitutional/legalized and voluntary quotas systems aiming to increase the percentage of women in national parliaments and what implications these quotas systems have on political life and the society as a whole.
The first part of the essay will explore the case for mandate gender quotas, why are they implemented, what are they supposed to achieve and what are the implications of the implementation of them. The following part will discuss more flexible quota systems and their impact on political life and society. The compatibility of different societies and electoral systems in relation to quota systems will be explored before the essay is finalized in a conclusion.
The implementation of gender quotas in electoral politics is a mean to combat the democratic deficit that occurs when a social group is excluded from the political sphere due to structural or cultural reasons. Quotas are a form of affirmative action/positive discrimination which is meant to remove the structural and cultural obstacles that keep women out of the formal political ...


... middle of paper ...


...The Journal of Politics [ONLINE] 61 (3) pp. 628-657. Available from: JSTOR
Mutz, D. C, 2002. Cross-Cutting Social Networks: Testing Democratic Theory in Practice. American political science Review [ONLINE] 96 (1) pp. 111-126. Available from: Camebridge Journals Online
Zetterberg, P, 2009. Do Gender Quotas Foster Political Engagement? Lessons from Latin America. Political Research Quarterly [ONLINE] 62 (4) pp. 715-730. Available from: Sage Publications Online
Reports
Dahlerup, D, Freidenvall, L, Johansson, E, Stolt, E, Bivald, K and Persson-Weiss, L, 2011. Electoral Gender Quota Systems and their implementation in Europe. European Parliament Report. Available from: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/studies
Tripp, A, M, 2003. The Changing Face of Africa’s Legislatures: Women and Quotas. Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Available from: Quotaproject.org




Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper








This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Essay about Female Boardroom Quotas are Wrong - Quotas for female positions on corporate boards have been passed and are awaiting implementation for quite a few countries across Europe. Norway is the first one to impose a 40% quota to be met by 2015. France, Spain and Germany have similar laws, and European Parliament just finished voting last month favoring a similarly drafted law. These quotas are designed to rectify the extreme gender imbalance on corporate boards, which persists despite female advancements in education and workforce participation....   [tags: women, gender imbalance, leadership]
:: 10 Works Cited
1843 words
(5.3 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Class Based Affirmative Action Essay - A class-based system would help eliminate the race factor that goes along with the current affirmative action. In addition, it would diminish the perception that minorities are given unearned admission. I too agree with this change, as many of my friends believe that I have received the scholarships I have and gained entry into certain schools simply because of my race. If this change in the current affirmative action mandate were to take place it would alter their beliefs and they would realize that not only did I deserve those scholarships but I also needed them....   [tags: quotas, reverse racism, education]
:: 7 Works Cited
866 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on The Vitality to Discourage Gender Quotas - The white-collar workforces used to be dominated by males since the dawn of the working era. However, as time progresses, women are flocking to join these workforces everywhere around the globe. The days when majority of the women, who were to be found in the kitchen cooking for their cantankerous husbands whilst waiting for their husbands’ return from work, were long gone. Soon enough, equality of genders became a fundamental human right. In addition to that, some government especially the government of Europe went overboard by mandating unnecessary high level jobs quota system reserved exclusively for women disregard of their qualifications; thereby claiming it is able to create a level of...   [tags: Gender Roles, The working Era] 1406 words
(4 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay about An Ethical Argument Against Abortion - Each day throughout our world, medical professionals suction thousands of babies from their mothers’ wombs through a procedure called abortion. The law protects and provides consent to both the mother and the medical professionals for these procedures. However, the babies seemingly have no right to protection or life themselves because of the argument regarding when a fetus is determined be human and have life. Pro-life author, Sarah Terzo, in a LifeSiteNews.com article, relays the following testimony supporting this from a medical student upon witnessing his first abortion, “Rejected by their mothers and regarded as medical waste by their killers, society allows these babies to die silently...   [tags: Argument Against Abortion]
:: 6 Works Cited
2133 words
(6.1 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Electoral Gender-Based Quotas Essay - Hillary Rodham Clinton once said, “There cannot be true democracy unless women's voices are heard.” In 2006, when Nancy Pelosi became the nation’s first female Speaker of the House, one woman’s voice rang out clear. With this improvement, democracy grew to its truest level ever in terms of women’s equality. Regretfully, female candidates had never been so lucky in the past. There was a time when female candidates were highly underestimated; Men always had higher chance of being selected to any electoral office than any female had, even though they both might have been well qualified for that post....   [tags: Political Science]
:: 2 Works Cited
954 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Argument Against Euthanasia - Euthanasia is a Greek word which means, gentle and easy death. However, it is the other way around. It is not a gentle or easy death because there is not a type of death which can called gentle in the world. According to Ian Dowbiggin, in Ancient Greece people used euthanasia without patient's permission. It means that, in Ancient Greece they did not care about the voluntariness. Also, there are just few doctors who adjust themselves according to the Hippocratic Oath. (250 pp.) After coming of Christianity, church learnt how evil suicide was and they told people killing another person or themselves was a brutal behavior....   [tags: Argument Against Assisted Suicide]
:: 12 Works Cited
1204 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Is Affirmative Action still needed? - The issue of affirmative action has been a controversial one since its inception. The law was developed during the 1960’s as a result of the civil rights movement and the need to address injustices committed against minorities throughout the United States history. There were multiple attempts to correct the inequities between the majority and the various minorities including the 13, 14 and 15th Amendments. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 allowed for the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to create rules to end discrimination....   [tags: minorities, civil rights, discrimination, gender]
:: 3 Works Cited
973 words
(2.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
An Argument Against Gun Control Essay - Should the mere fact that criminals committing crimes with the use of guns infringe the national right of the innocent to possess guns. This is a question that arouses everywhere and no matter which way it is viewed the controversy will always go on. "A gun is a mere tool that can be used for good or evil. Our country is based on the belief that man is good until he or she is proven to be otherwise."(Harris p.2) This means that only a few people are committing crimes with uses of guns and why completely remove them from society....   [tags: Argument Against Gun Control]
:: 2 Works Cited
965 words
(2.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Against Gender Selection Essay - Sex selection is any practice, technique or intervention intended to increase the likelihood of the conception, gestation and birth of a child of one sex rather than the other (Gender Selection, n.d.). Sex selection is performed in a multiple of methods. These methods create a family balance, but also make the process of childbirth unnatural. There are many risks involved with selecting the gender of children and the effects the mother has to undergo as well as a family agreement, if the processes doesn’t go as planned....   [tags: Anti Gender Selection]
:: 9 Works Cited
2227 words
(6.4 pages)
Research Papers [preview]
The Argument Against Nozick's 'Distributive Justice Essay - Argument Against Nozick’s Distributive Justice Robert Nozick argues in his Entitlement Theory that there are three main topics in the justice of holdings: the acquisition of ‘un-held things’, the transfer of holdings, and the rectification of injustice in holdings.1 Nozick’s theory of what makes a transfer of holdings ‘just’ should be rejected for two key reasons and the rectification of injustice of holdings should be rejected for two key reasons. Robert Nozick declares a transfer of holdings just if the exchange is voluntary and if the holding being exchanged was originally acquired by just means.2 The first key point of this argument that should be rejected is the fact that the grounds...   [tags: Law]
:: 1 Works Cited
880 words
(2.5 pages)
Better Essays [preview]