American History

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The Space Race

The goal of Apollo 11 was to send men to the moon, this goal was set by jfk in the year 1961. they landed on the July 20th 1969. The men who were aboard the ship were Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins. These men were (other than Collins) the first people to ever to walk on the moon. The event was televised to millions of American homes. There were also three backup crew members who didn’t go into space: James Lovell, Fred Haise, and William Anders. The crew conducted many science experiments as well as leaving an american flag on the moon. The flag has since been bleached white by the suns unrelenting power.
The first man on the moon is so important to the history of America because it solidified the country as a superpower. If Russia had beaten America to the moon, they would been the country to reach that pinnacle of space science. It also would have crushed the hopes and dreams of Americans young and old alike. With the US and Russia locked in the cold war, the American people needed a confidence boost, and they got it when they won the space race.

1st Black President
In election of 2008, the candidates running were Barack Obama and John McCain. Obama won, making him the first African American President in American history. Throughout history African Americans were treated as lesser to whites and Obama overcame those stereotypes and became president. There was some speculation that Obama wasn’t actually from America, but these were put to rest when he released his birth certificate. Some issues during the election were the war in Iraq, economic downturn, and LGBT issues.
American history is full of examples of minorities such as blacks being kept down. Slavery was a huge black mark on the nation’s history. It is one of the main factors for racism toward African Americans in our culture. Blacks were often seen and treated as lesser people, and having a president who is part of this minority is huge step forward in racial equality. since Obama was elected there have been more black candidates running for office.

Nuclear bombs
The conception of the nuclear bomb began when Albert Einstein wrote FDR a letter concerning the weapons and how powerful they had the potential to be. On July 1945 The first bomb was tested, and the scientists were pleased with the result of the test.

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Although one feared that the “balance of mankind and nature had been disrupted”. The only times the bombs were ever used in combat was on August 6th 1945, and August 9th of the some year. Over 95,000 people were injured in the two blasts. Countless more were killed. One bomb was dropped in Hiroshima, the other was in Nagasaki. The bomb called “Fat Man” which was dropped on Nagasaki actually missed its target by over a mile, but it still destroyed the area.
Until the use of the first atomic bomb, wars were fought pretty much man on man. There were bombs and poisonous gasses, but nothing compares to the destruction caused by nuclear weapons. The power of atomic weapons are unmatched by any conventional weapons ever used. The implementation of Atomic bombs have changed the way wars are fought. While nukes haven't been used in combat since World War Two, the threat of their use alone is often enough to end a conflict. Nukes have brought about an era where people live in fear, not of being invaded, but of being attacked with a nuclear bomb strike.

Vietnam War
The Vietnam Conflict, as it is formally known, spanning 18 years was America’s longest war. From 1957-1975 American troops occupied Vietnam attempting to contain Communism. America fought alongside the South Vietnamese against the North, or Viet Cong, who were Communists. It was a very bloody war. An example of this was the 1968 Tet Offensive by the Viet Cong, in which the American forces realized the war was going to be much harder than first imagined. Because of the hard loses American forces were taking, Richard Nixon established Vietnamization. Which was the slow withdrawal of American troop from the war. The last of the troops were airlifted out on April 30th 1975.
During the Cold War, there the American government feared the expansion of communism. Their goal in wars such as the one in vietnam was to help bring democracy to people who were being ruled by communist governments. The goal of the vietnam war was the rid the region of communists. but it turned into a dragged out fight between the viet cong and american forces. Being the longest war in American history, the toll it took on the people in america at the time must have been incredible.

WWI
The First World War, also known as The Great War, lasted from 1914 to 1919. The war started with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Hungarian Archduke. The US attempted to stay neutral in the beginning of the war, but was drawn in by the sinking of the Lusitania, a civilian passenger ship in 1915. America joined the war 1917, after the discovery of the Zimmermann Telegram a note from the Germans attempting to get Mexico to attack America. The war was ended on November 11th 1918 when France, Great Britain, and Germany signed the Armistice. Signed six months later, the Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty designed to stop any other major world wars. Many historians believe that the treaty actually caused the Second World War, only a few years later.
Being the first major world conflict the US had ever been involved in. The First World War shaped the way the US government behaved with other nations. At first, Americans didn't want to fight. They were more worried about things going on in America than in europe thousands of miles away. When the US decided to enter the war, they were producing many of the items used in the war. The war added fuel to the US economy. The First World War was important to American history because it was the first major world conflict the US was involved in.

Women’s Suffrage
On August 26th 1920, congress passed the 19th amendment. Which gave women all the same rights as men. Women had been trying to get the rights to vote since before the Civil War. Many states actually gave white women the right to vote early in the 1800s. Many women were being forced into traditional gender roles, and they were getting tired of it. Society believed that a woman's role was working around the house. In 1923, the Women’s party proposed a ban on all discrimination based on sex, the amendment was never ratified. In the late 1800’s, the message of women’s rights activists changed. They know were saying that women should get the right to vote not because they were the same as men, but because they were different. After all the struggle, in 1920 women finally had all the same rights as men did.
Womens rights and their right to vote is so important because they make up roughly 50% of the population. Women had many good political ideas, and they deserve a voice. Not to mention the fact of fairness. It seems very unfair to have someone contributing to society, but leave them out of the decision making process. Many women already had formed political parties and activism groups. They were already ready for their right to vote, they were already organized and ready to become fully functioning members of society, with all the rights and responsibilities men had.

Pearl Harbor
On the 7th of December, 1941, the Japanese attacked the US naval base at Pearl Harbor. in the years before the attack, the Japanese had allied themselves with with the Nazis. In response, America cut off all trade of Oil and raw materials with Japan. The Japanese Naval Admiral Yamamoto, understanding the power of the US Pacific Fleet, planned and attack on Pearl Harbor. In october of 1941, japanese naval staff approved Yamamoto’s plan. Early in the morning of december 7th, japanese aircraft carriers anchored about 200 miles of the coast of Hawaii. Then they attacked, destroying and damaging much of the pacific fleet. A few days later woodrow wilson declared war in the axis powers.
The attack on Pearl Harbor is a top ten worthy event because of the impact it had on all Americans. Pearl Harbor brought the US into the war. The attack provoked massive anti-Japanese feelings on the west coast and across the nation. The government rounded up all the Japanese people and sent them to internment camps. The president ordered the rounding up of the Japanese using Executive Order 9066. Even people not involved directly in war efforts denied service to Japanese Americans with signs that read things like, “NO JAPS” and “WE DON’T WANT ANY JAPS BACK HERE”. Obviously the anti-Japanese sentiment in the US during the war was caused by the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Civil Rights Movement
From Martin Luther King Jr., to Malcolm X the civil rights movement and the 1960’s were a period of change. Martin Luther King Jr. fought his whole life against civil inequality, while the entire time preaching non violence. On the other end of the spectrum there was Malcolm X, “by any mean necessary”. That was his main message regarding getting equal rights for blacks. For Dr. King equal rights were going to be achieved through non violence and political pressure. For Malcolm X, it was about action. Sometimes through violence.
The civil rights movement was the third most important event in american history because it was more about equality than anything else. the civil rights movement was an uphill battle against racial inequality. Dr. King, Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X all fought in different ways to achieve the same goal, racial equality. Equality is so important because we were all created equal. we should all be treated as such. Some people say that the goal of the civil rights movement hasn't yet being reached, I agree. People are not all treated equally. Women are often paid much less than men for doing the same work. And african americans are often treated poorly because of their looks. People will always hold biases, but the goal of the majority should be to keep the stereotypes out of society. We must always fight inequality.
War on Terror
On September 11, 2001, Muslim extremists from the terror group known as Al Qaeda hijacked and crashed four planes. One into the Pentagon, two into the World Trade Center in New York, and one into a field in Pennsylvania. This attack on US soil was one that many people never thought was a possibility. But never the less, it happened, on that fateful day, more than 3,000 Americans died. The US government called the attack an act of terrorism on innocent americans. Al Qaeda obviously saw it differently. they believe that America as a country is evil. And they believed that their god wanted them to do this. The 9/11 Attack started the “War on Terror” so called because no war was declared on a country or singular group, but on the ideal and actions of all extremist groups seen as a threat to democracy, freedom, and the American way of life. The man behind the 9/11 attacks was believed to be Osama Bin Laden, and the hunt for him began shortly after the attacks. American forces fought against the taliban, al qaeda and other suspected terrorist groups throughout the Middle-Eastern countries of Iraq and Afghanistan. Many americans saw the wars as a bit of a wild goose chase, but eventually, on the second of may 2011, Osama Bin Laden was killed in a raid of his hide out my Navy Seals. The killing of Bin Laden excited Americans, because they saw him as directly responsible for the attacks and the ensuing war. Which is still going on now.
The War on Terror is so important to the history of the US because we weren’t attacked by a country. But a group, with a set of ideals and beliefs. People almost immediately, and incorrectly assumed that because muslim extremists attacked us, all muslims were against America. This lead to major Anti-Muslim feelings in many Americans. There was discrimination, racial profiling, and prejudice against only Muslims, but anyone who vaguely resembled the stereotypical look of a Muslim: dark skin, religious head dress, and a loose fitting robe. people who looked like this were called out of line at airports and interrogated. If the government suspects you more seriously as a terrorist, you are sent to Guantanamo bay. Guantanamo Bay is a prison for high level terror suspects, where conditions, according to those being held there are awful. Since the killing of Bin Laden, the war on terror has waged on. The goal now being to rid the world of those who threaten the lives of innocent Americans.

The Internet
The Internet started not as a means of communication, but of war. During the Cold War in the 1950's, the US government and scientists working for them used the Internet to share data and research with each other. In 1991 however, this primitive data sharing network turn into something much greater; the World Wide Web. Now the Internet was used not only for sharing files, but as a large database of information that anyone could access. In 1992, students and the University of Illinois created the first web browser. Shortly after, companies started to see the potential of the Internet, and soon began creating websites of their own, where potential customers could find more information on the business. Now sites such as Facebook and Twitter rule the web, these websites are known as "social networks". their use: to communicate and share with other people. The Internet, once a simple string of computers sharing basic words and numbers, has become the engine that powers the world. You'd be hard pressed to find a piece of technology, other than maybe your toaster, that doesn't have access to the internet. The Internet is used not only for talking and hanging out with your friends, but in hospitals for keeping patient data and records available, secure, and up to date. It's used by law enforcement agencies to look up suspects of crimes and to log data from officers on patrol. One thing is for sure, the Internet is here to stay.

The Internet is the most important thing in American History because it has changed, and will continue to change, the way people live their everyday lives. While events like a War or more equal rights affect people in the moment, we arent really feeling the affects the the First World War right now. Granted the people who were around at the time of other events would say that those events influenced their lives more than an event later on in their life. But it's undeniable how much the internet has changed the way people do things, whether you think the change is good or bad, its change none the less. Never before in history has so much information been available at our fingertips. with the touch of a button, we can now find information that would take hours to find out. Another huge plus of the internet how accessible it is to everyone. In the years before the internet, if you wanted to show a picture to someone even 100 hundred miles away, you'd need to send it to them, or deliver it yourself. Now, you simply send it in a text or an email, upload it to Facebook or Twitter, and they can see it pretty much right away.


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