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A Brief Treatise for Philosophical Inquiry During the Italian Renaissance

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There is a certain fascination when humans begin to have a retrospective view on life. The Renaissance (or rebirth), which occurred during the Quattrocento period in Italy, epitomized this phenomenon. The individuals involved, pursued antiquity with a fervent vigor and passion not seen in the following centuries of the modern age. Among the city-states on the Italian Peninsula, the Florentine Republic was on the verge of being the most prominent center of the Renaissance. Many contributing factors such as influential families, the various guilds, politicians, and the numerous learned individuals propelled Florence to new heights of achievement; including artistic expression, philosophical study not seen since the days of Ancient Greece and Rome, diplomacy and government, advanced financial institutions, etc. However, it is important to point out that many habitual remnants of the previous era hitherto the Renaissance were still in existence and profound as well, such as the ecclesiastical dogma of the Catholic Church which was static, mundane and a quasi-feudalistic mentality among the population.
The Catholic Church in general, had excessive control over a significant portion of the populace of Europe during this time. It had virtual control over scholasticism, matrimony, finance, and every aspect of known activity. However, influential political figures and upcoming humanists saw the potential of studying and utilizing the classics.
Resistance to change is a homogeneous trait of human nature regardless of the time and place. Certain individuals or groups of individuals, who saw things as they were, began to ask many questions. The humanists of the Renaissance were in a position to understand that the era preceding theirs w...


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...ance Philosophy of Man: Petrarca, Valla, Ficino, Pico, Pomponazzi, Vives (Phoenix Books). Trans. Josephine L. Burroughs. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 1956.
"The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy." Celenza, Christopher S. The Revival of Platonic Philosophy. Ed. James Hankins. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 81-90.
Copenhaver, Brian P. and Charles B. Schmitt. Renaissance Philosophy (A History of Western Philosophy). Oxford: Oxford University Press, USA, 1992.
Harris, R. Baine. The Significance of Neoplatonism (Studies in Neoplatonism ; V. 1). Norfolk: State University of New York Press, 1976.
Kent, Dale. Cosimo de` Medici and the Florentine Renaissance. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.
Matthews, Roy T., F. DeWitt Platt and Thomas F. X. Noble. The Western Humanities. 7th ed. Vol. II. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. II vols.


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